27 de Marzo: Puntos de Reflexión
This week, I’d like to offer a number of simple facts about Bolivia that impact women’s lives, along with some images of La Paz and El Alto. I hope that these will serve to raise awareness about the country and about some of the issues it faces, and perhaps spark comparative reflection about the countries where you all live and work. As always, I welcome your comments and questions. Please contact me for citation information for the facts presented below.
Bolivia’s maternal mortality rate of 222 women per 100,000 is the second highest in Latin America (after Haiti).
About 30% of maternal deaths in the country are due to complications from abortion.
6 of 10 Bolivian women will have at least one abortion in her lifetime. (The rate for women in the United States is 1 in 3.)
69% of Bolivian women lack access to reliable contraceptive methods.
In 2008, 1 in 4 of women giving birth at one of the largest public women’s hospitals in La Paz were teenage girls between the ages of 14 and 19.
The same hospital saw 1,122 cases of incomplete abortion and “miscarriage” in 2009—over 3 per day. Doctors insist that the majority of these cases correspond to incomplete provoked abortions.
Some women facing unwanted pregnancy end up abandoning their children rather than seeking an abortion during pregnancy. The above image is a “foundling wheel” embedded in the wall of a La Paz-based orphanage, where desperate parents can place an infant and then spin the wheel to safely deposit it inside the home without revealing their identities.
Abortion in Bolivia has been legal since 1973 in cases of rape or to save the mother’s life, yet only five legal abortions have ever been performed. In most cases, women and adolescent girls deliver their babies before the bureaucratic processes required to obtain a legal abortion come through.
7 of every 10 Bolivian women suffer physical violence three to five times per year; 6 of these 7 are victimized by a member of their own family. About 53% of women do not report these crimes.
143 girls and women were murdered in Bolivia during 2009. 98 of these murders can be considered feminicides–murders of females for the simple fact that they are female.
International Women’s Day protesters in La Paz carry a banner reading, “A dignified life without violence.” The woman in front and to the left of those holding the banner carries a paper sign reading, “Enough with corrupt attorneys and judges!” Many feminist activists in Bolivia contend that legal representatives in the country accept bribes from men who have murdered women in exchange for lenient prison sentences.